Why Vermont’s Population is Low: Exploring the Challenges and Charms of the Green Mountain State

YouTube video


Vermont, a rural state located in the northeastern United States, is known for its stunning landscapes, charming small towns, and independent spirit. However, despite its undeniable beauty, Vermont has a relatively low population compared to other states. In this article, we will delve into the reasons behind Vermont’s low population and explore the challenges and unique attributes that define life in the Green Mountain State.

Location and Accessibility Challenges

One of the primary factors contributing to Vermont’s small population is its geographical location. Situated in the northeastern corner of the United States, Vermont is far from major cities and transportation hubs. This isolation poses a challenge for people who wish to access Vermont, making it less attractive for those considering a move to the state. Other states with large populations often have thriving cities, fostering job growth and attracting residents from all over the country and the world in search of opportunities. However, Vermont has yet to develop a major city, which hinders its population growth.

Harsh Winters and Natural Disasters

Surviving the harsh winters of Vermont is not for the faint of heart. The state experiences long and bitterly cold winters, with temperatures frequently dropping below freezing. This extreme climate can pose difficulties for individuals who are unaccustomed to such cold weather conditions, and it can also deter potential newcomers from settling in the state. Furthermore, Vermont is prone to natural disasters, including floods and ice storms, which present additional challenges to those residing in the state.

High Cost of Living and Limited Job Opportunities

Living in Vermont can also be financially burdensome. While the cost of housing in the state is slightly lower than the national average, the overall cost of living is significantly higher. Expenses such as food and utilities are approximately 10 percent higher than the national average, and Vermont’s tax rates are among the highest in the nation. The state’s lack of major industries contributes to limited job growth, resulting in a high rate of unemployment and comparatively lower wages. These factors make it challenging for individuals to make ends meet and pursue the “American dream” in Vermont.

Lack of Incentives for Migration

In the past, various states enticed individuals to relocate through incentives such as the gold rush, the Industrial Revolution, free land for new residents, or the tech boom. However, Vermont currently lacks such incentives to attract new residents and talent. As other cities and states flourished, Vermont did not experience the same level of growth, and there is minimal motivation for individuals to move to the state. Additionally, the mountainous terrain of Vermont makes it difficult to build infrastructure, further deterring potential migrations.

The Charms of Vermont

While the challenges discussed above contribute to Vermont’s low population, it is important to acknowledge the unique qualities that draw individuals to the state. Vermont boasts breathtaking natural landscapes and offers abundant opportunities for outdoor activities, including skiing and hiking. The state’s independent spirit and laid-back way of life also hold a particular allure for those seeking a slower-paced lifestyle. Despite its smaller population, Vermont fosters a strong sense of community, and its residents are known for their generous hearts.


In conclusion, Vermont’s low population can be attributed to several factors, including its geographical location, harsh winters, high cost of living, limited job opportunities, and lack of incentives for migration. While the state may not be ideal for everyone, those who choose to live in Vermont are typically drawn to its independent spirit, beautiful landscapes, and close-knit communities. Vermont continues to offer a unique way of life, albeit with its distinct challenges. So, if you are considering a move to Vermont, be prepared for cold winters, a small economy, and the resilience required to thrive in this remarkable state.

Leave a Comment